Info China - Commissariato Italiano Esposizione Universale di Shanghai 2010

China

Literally ‘the country in the middle’, covers an area of 9.6 thousand square km and is the third largest country after Russia and Canada. I t has the largest population:1.314480 million, up to the year 2006, 1/5 of the world’s population (excluding the Chinese that live in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan).


By 2006, China had 577.600.000 urban residents(43.90% of the total population), According to the Annual Report published by the Ministry of Construction and, to date, has 668 cities of which:

  • 13 with a population of over 2 million inhabitants;
  • 24 with a population which ranges from 1 to 2 million inhabitants;
  • 48 with a population between 500 thousand and 1 million;
  • 205 between 200 thousand and 500 thousand;
  • 378 with fewer than 200 inhabitants.

Education
China has 1.867 schools of further education (data from 2006). 42.8% of the population goes on to higher education, and 19% has degrees. Illiteracy in the year 2000 was 6.72% (in 1990 it was 15.88%). 19% of the illiterate live outside the city (font: basic Statistics on national Population Census)

Economy

The economic boom in China started in 1978, as a result of radical economic reforms. The Gross Domestic Product has grown from US$ 128 billion in 1980 to US$2.279 billion in 2005. Import and export for 2005 has reached US$1.422.1 billion and Direct Foreign Investments are in the range of US$193.72 billion in 2006.
Income pro capite in 2005 was US$1.290.
According to statistic made by Customs, the total import and export in January 2007 was of US$157.36 billion with an increase per year of 30.5%:

  • Exports are equal to US$86.62 billion, with an increase of 30%
  • Imports are equal to US$70.74 billion, with an increase of 27.5%
     

Tourism
124,94 tourists visited China in 2006, an annual increase of 3.9%, of which 22.21 million foreigners and 102.73 million Chinese from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan.
The profits from foreign exchange from International tourism have overtaken the United States by US$33.95 million, with an increase of 15.9% on the previous year.